When is a child EMG done?
- To investigate the cause of floppy infant syndrome in limp babies or as we call hypotonic babies.
- To diagnose and follow up genetically transmitted muscle and nerve diseases.
- If there is weakness in the limbs due to traumas during or after birth, for the detection of nerve damage, its severity, understanding whether there is recovery, and for follow-up.
- To find out if there is nerve damage after cuts or fractures.
- For monitoring diabetes-related nerve damage in patients with Type 1 Diabetes.
- For the diagnosis of conditions that develop suddenly, such as weakness in the limbs, difficulty in swallowing, speech disorder.
- Child EMG is done.
What is measured with a child EMG?
In the EMG examination, the function of the nerve roots that exits the spinal cord is evaluated. EMG has two stages; it consists of nerve conduction studies and needle EMG parts. In nerve conduction studies, an external electrical stimulus is given to the points where the nerves pass, and the response is recorded.
During a needle EMG, a thin needle is inserted into different muscles and their functions are evaluated. It provides information on whether there is an activity in the examined muscles or in the nerves that control them, and if there is, what level of improvement there is.
Is child EMG painful?
The electrical stimuli given during EMG are very low and do not harm the human body. Contrary to what is feared, it is generally well tolerated by children. Before a needle EMG, the muscles to be worked with are determined by neurological examination. Hence, as few muscles as possible are examined, target-specifically, and the procedure is facilitated for the child.